جلوگیری از سرطان
جلوگیری از سرطان
Cancer prevention is easier than you think. With a few simple lifestyle changes, you can drastically reduce your risk of many types of cancer. Many factors play a role in cancer development, but the good news is that most can be avoided.
Protect Yourself From Hazards
• When outdoors during the day, wear SPF 15 or greater sunscreen.
• When out in sunlight, wear a hat.
• Avoid outdoor activity midday when the sun is hottest.
• Be aware of all hazardous substances at work or in your home.
• When working with hazardous substances, wear protective clothing.
Perform Regular Screenings
• Breast (self-examination, professional breast examination, mammogram)
• Skin (self-examination, professional examination, biopsy)
• Cervical (pelvic examination, Pap test)
• Colorectal (digital rectal exam, screening for blood in stool, colorectal exam)
• Prostate (digital rectal exam, blood test)
• Testicular (self-exam, professional exam)
• Talk to your doctor about aids for quitting, such as nicotine patches.
• Get support from ex-smokers.
• Develop a plan for quitting.
• Pick a quit date and stick to it.
Improve Your Diet
• Eat fewer fried foods, fatty meats, and other high-fat foods.
• Eat at least 5 fruits and vegetables daily, especially leafy greens and foods high invitamin C, like citrus.
• Eat more high-fiber foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains (oats).
• Eat more vegetable protein, such as tofu.
• Eat foods from the cabbage family, such as broccoli, cauliflower, and brussels sprouts.
• Limit or stop drinking alcohol.
• Take walks, garden, or do other activities you enjoy each day.
• Do errands on foot or bike, not by car.
• Join a walking or biking club.
Warning Signs of Cancer
• A change in bowel or bladder habits
• A sore that wonʼt heal
• Unusual bleeding or discharge
• A lump in the breast or elsewhere
• Difficulty swallowing
• Noticeable changes in a wart or mole
• A constant cough or hoarseness