جلوگیری از سرطان

جلوگیری از سرطان

 

Preventing Cancer

Cancer prevention is easier than you think. With a few simple lifestyle changes, you can drastically reduce your risk of many types of cancer. Many factors play a role in cancer development, but the good news is that most can be avoided.

Protect Yourself From Hazards

• When outdoors during the day, wear SPF 15 or greater sunscreen.

• When out in sunlight, wear a hat.

• Avoid outdoor activity midday when the sun is hottest.

• Be aware of all hazardous substances at work or in your home.

• When working with hazardous substances, wear protective clothing.

Perform Regular Screenings

• Breast (self-examination, professional breast examination, mammogram)

• Skin (self-examination, professional examination, biopsy)

• Cervical (pelvic examination, Pap test)

• Colorectal (digital rectal exam, screening for blood in stool, colorectal exam)

• Prostate (digital rectal exam, blood test)

• Testicular (self-exam, professional exam)

Stop Smoking

• Talk to your doctor about aids for quitting, such as nicotine patches.

• Get support from ex-smokers.

• Develop a plan for quitting.

• Pick a quit date and stick to it.

Improve Your Diet

• Eat fewer fried foods, fatty meats, and other high-fat foods.

• Eat at least 5 fruits and vegetables daily, especially leafy greens and foods high invitamin C, like citrus.

• Eat more high-fiber foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains (oats).

• Eat more vegetable protein, such as tofu.

• Eat foods from the cabbage family, such as broccoli, cauliflower, and brussels sprouts.

• Limit or stop drinking alcohol.

Stay Active

• Take walks, garden, or do other activities you enjoy each day.

• Do errands on foot or bike, not by car.

• Join a walking or biking club.

Warning Signs of Cancer

• A change in bowel or bladder habits

• A sore that wonʼt heal

• Unusual bleeding or discharge

• A lump in the breast or elsewhere

• Difficulty swallowing

• Noticeable changes in a wart or mole

• A constant cough or hoarseness

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